Native plants in gardens

The OHS would like to promote the use of native plants in gardens. Native plants tend to be more  hardy and support native pollinators when in bloom. They bring a range of colour, scent, and pollinator biodiversity to a garden but they can also be useful as cut flowers in our show classes. Look for some of these species at the OHS May auction and plant sale.

 *Anaphalis margaritacea –  Pearly Everlasting http://www.northernontarioflora.ca/description.cfm?speciesid=1001439

Garden Type: Average to dry meadow or exposed slope. Light: Sun. Soil: well drained calcareous loam. Blooming Season: July-September. Interesting white, papery cut flower.  Bees, butterflies.

 

Aquilegia canadensis Wild Columbine

https://nativeplants.evergreen.ca/search/view-plant.php?ID=00079  Garden Type: Woodland, border, Average to dry. Light: Semi-shade. Soil: well drained calcareous/loam, moss-covered rocks. Blooming Season: May-June. Excellent red cut flower.  Hummingbirds, long-tongued bees, butterflies and moths.

 

*Asclepias incarnata – Swamp Milkweed http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=86   Garden Type: Moist/damp to average. Light: Full sun. Soil: calcareous/loam. Blooming Season: June – September. Excellent pink/white scented cut flower. Diversity of pollinators.

 

*Campanula rotundifoliaHarebell http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=135   Garden Type: Rock garden, border, average to dry. Light: Full sun. Soil: calcareous/loam. Blooming Season: June – July. Excellent blue cut flower. Diversity of pollinators.

 

*Doellingeria umbellata – Flat-topped Aster   http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=7   Garden Type: Damp to wet. Light: Sun to part shade. Soil: Neutral loam. Blooming Season: July-September. Good white cut flower. Bee pollinated.

 

Echinacea purpurea – Purple Coneflower  http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=391

Garden Type: Average. Light: Sun. Soil: well drained calcareous/loam. Blooming Season: June-September. Excellent purple cut flower.  Bees, butterflies.

 

*Geum triflorum – Prairie Smoke   http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=601  Garden Type: Average to dry meadow or clearing. Light: Sun. Soil: well drained calcareous gravelly to sandy. Blooming Season: May-June. Interesting reddish purple stalks and sepals (calyx) but pink flower hidden and not showy itself. Excellent as cut stem when fruiting as each seed bears a long showy tail hence the common name.  Bumblebee pollinated.

 

 

 

 

*Helenium autumnale – Sneezeweed  http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=636

Garden Type: Average, damp to dry. Light: Sun. Soil: well drained calcareous/loam. Blooming Season: July-September. Excellent yellow cut flower.  Bees, butterflies.

 

Helianthus tuberosus – Jerusalem Artichoke  http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=229

Garden Type: Average to dry. Light: Sun. Soil: calcareous/loam. Blooming Season: August– September. Very good yellow cut flower.  Bees.

 

Heliopsis helianthoides – False Sunflower  http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=584

Garden Type: Average. Light: Sun. Soil: well drained calcareous/loam. Blooming Season: June-September. Very good yellow cut flower.  Bees, butterflies.

 

Iris versicolor Blue Flag  http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=508   Garden Type: Damp. Light: Full sun. Soil: calcareous/loam. Blooming Season: June. Excellent blue cut flower. Bee pollinated.

 

*Lobelia cardinalis – Cardinal Flower http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=278  Garden Type: Damp to wet. Light: Full sun. Soil: Acidic/organic. Blooming Season: July – August. Excellent red cut flower. Hummingbird pollinated.

 

Lysimachia quadrifolia Whorled Loosestrife   http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=79   Garden Type: Damp woodland. Light: Semi shade. Soil: calcareous/loam. Blooming Season: June. Very good yellow cut flower. Bee pollinated.

 

Monarda didyma – Oswego Tea  http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=583

Garden Type: Average to damp. Light: Sun to part shade. Soil: Rich neutral loam. Blooming Season: June-July. Excellent red cut flower. Scented foliage. Hummingbird and butterfly pollinated.

 

*Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot   http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=245   Garden Type: Average, Meadow. Light: Full sun. Soil: Calcareous, loam. Blooming Season: July. Excellent mauve cut flower, scented foliage. Bee pollinated.

 

*Penstemon digitalis – Foxglove Beardtongue  http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=22  Garden Type: Average to dry. Light: Sun.  Soil: well drained calcareous/loam.  Blooming Season: June-July. Very good white cut flower.

 

 

 

 

*Penstemon hirsutus – Hairy Beardtongue http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=23    Garden Type: Rock garden, border, average to dry. Light: Full sun. Soil: Calcareous/loam. Blooming Season: June – July. Excellent pink mauve cut flower. Bee pollinated.

 

Phlox divaricata –  Woodland Phlox  

Garden Type: Damp woodland. Light: Dappled sunlight. Soil: calcareous/loam. Blooming Season: May–June.  Excellent scented ice blue cut flower. Diversity of pollinators.

 

*Ratibida pinnata Gray-headed Coneflower http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=390  Garden Type: Average to dry meadow or forest clearing. Light: Sun. Soil: well drained calcareous loam. Blooming Season: June-August. Very good yellow cut flower.  Bees, butterflies.

 

*Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=248   Garden Type: Average to dry. Light: Sun. Soil: well drained calcareous/loam. Blooming Season: June-September. Very good yellow cut flower.  Bees, butterflies and moths.

 

*Scrophularia marilandica – Carpenter’s Square http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=279

Garden Type: Average, woodland. Light: Shade. Soil: Calcareous, loam. Blooming Season: July. Interesting inflorescence, smallish reddish brown flower. Pollinator magnet (bees, flies).

 

Solidago altissimaTall Goldenrod https://uwaterloo.ca/astereae-lab/research/goldenrods/classification-and-illustrations/solidago-altissima/  Garden Type: Damp to average. Light: Full sun. Soil: calcareous/loam. Blooming Season: Late July – September. Excellent yellow scented cut flower. Diversity of pollinators.

 

Solidago caesia – Blue-stemmed Goldenrod   http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=49   Garden Type: Average, woodland. Light: Shade. Soil: Calcareous, loam. Blooming Season: July. Good yellow cut flower. Bee pollinated.

 

*Solidago flexicaulis – Zigzag Goldenrod  http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=70  Garden Type: Average, woodland. Light: Shade. Soil: Calcareous, loam. Blooming Season: July. Good yellow cut flower. Bee pollinated.

 

*Symphiyotrichum cordifolium (syn. Aster) – Heart-leaved Aster http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=10    Garden Type: Average to dry. Light: Full sun to semi-shade. Soil: calcareous/loam. Blooming Season: June – October/ will rebloom. Very good blue-violet cut flower. Bee pollinated.

 

Verbena hastataBlue Vervain   http://ontariowildflowers.com/main/species.php?id=720     Garden Type: Damp to average. Light: Full sun. Soil: calcareous/loam. Blooming Season: July – September. Excellent blue cut flower. Diversity of pollinators.

 

NB Species marked with an asterisk * will also be for sale at the Fletcher Wildlife Garden Annual Native Plant Sale, Saturday, June 3, 2017. Further information and Posters can be found at  http://www.ofnc.ca/fletcher/index.php